Endocrine system facts

​ Composed of glands, the endocrine system is responsible for hormone production and many other vital body functions. Regulating multiple life processes in an efficiently coordinated manner is conducted by the endocrine glands. The endocrine system secretes glands, or chemical messengers, in order to move information throughout the body. The glands then secrete hormones into the bloodstream, which is then used for travel from one part of the body to another.

​ The endocrine system’s ability to function is similar to the nervous system. However, the nervous system sends electrical messages to control body organ coordination, while the endocrine systems utilizes chemicals, also referred to as hormones, to provide communication between differing body parts. The endocrine system synthesizes and secretes these messenger chemicals, or hormones. They fill an important part in the human body immediately from conception to growth and development, on through reproduction. “Endocrine” is a term that is used to explain the release of hormones into the bloodstream when certain stimuli are received by the body.

Endocrine System Glands​ Six major glands form the endocrine system. They are home to the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal , pineal gland, reproductive gland (commonly referred to as gonads or the testes and ovaries, and the hypothalamus. Found in the inferior central portion of the brain, the hypothalamus regulates body temperature and metabolism.

• Hypothalamus – The hypothalamus is the primary connector between the endocrine system and the nervous system. Hormones secreted from the hypothalamus are responsible for regulating the pituitary gland’s hormone secretions.

• Pituitary Gland – Approximately pea sized, the pituitary gland can be found at the base of the brain directly beneath the hypothalamus. Hormones secreted from the pituitary gland are responsible for controlling various other endocrine glands. As a result, most people believe that this is the endocrine system’s most important gland.

• Thyroid gland – Positioned on the lower neck’s front part, the thyroid gland is an organ that resembles the shape of a butterfly. Thyroxine and triiodothyronine are hormones secreted from this gland. The thyroid gland is in control of regulating the body’s metabolism. In children, it also assists in the development of the nervous system and the brain, bone growth, and brain development. Four small glands joined to the thyroid gland are referred to as parathyroids. Their primary function is maintaining a constant level of calcium through the blood.

• Adrenal glands – Found along the top of both kidneys, there are two adrenal glands in total. Shaped like a triangle, the gland consists of two parts. The adrenal medulla is located on the inner part and the adrenal cortex is the outer part. It is known for the secretion of hormones that increase heart rate and blood pressure to support the body’s ability to handle stress. The balance of salt and water is also controlled in this gland.

• Pancreas – This is the organ that is important in hormonal and digestive functions. Glucagon and insulin are hormones that are both produced here because it is a double gland. If the amount of insulin produced is not adequate, diabetes will develop because of the power it maintains over the body’s blood sugar levels.

• Reproductive glands – Their primary responsibility is producing sex hormones. Male reproductive glands are called testes and secrete a type of hormones known as androgens that include testosterone and are located in the scrotum. Ovaries are the name given to female reproductive organs responsible for the production of two hormones, progesterone and estrogen.

• Pineal gland – This gland is found directly in the middle of the brain. It is responsible for the production of melatonin, a hormone that controls the sleep and wake cycle in the body.

Eye color meaning

A person’s eye color can say a lot about them when we look at what each eye color means. However, it is more about the inherited genetics we have. Each individuals personality will differ from one person to the next so it isn’t simply all about one’s eye color. While there may be some truth behind eye color meanings and their effect on a person’s personality to some degree, it’s our own nature that will play a larger role in this.

You will find in the chart below some explanations regarding a few of the most common natural colors of the eye. You will also see some rather rare colors for the eye, but these are included because they do occur naturally. There are experts who have stated that those with darker eyes are usually more outgoing in their personality as opposed to those with light eyes. Our social activities and exposure are really what determines our personality traits more than physical characteristics though.

Note: Formal research has not been done that can prove certain personality traits are associated with specific eye colors. What you will see below are merely observations that have been noted over time. These have been compiled so that you can easily see the answers to your questions regarding the meaning of eye colors.

Brown – Said to be linked to the earth: Some of the traits of people with brown eyes are courage, creativity, energy, fertility, and endurance. Brown eyed individuals are said to be very grounded. They are not easily drawn by materialistic tendencies or desires. They have an affinity to nature, feeling close to it, and performing best when they are working in balance with nature. However, they are also very strong and independent.

Hazel – Those with hazel eyes are said to carry the traits of independence and courage. They show an ability to be able to heal themselves. They also share empathy and sensitivity towards those around them. They can be very passionate and energetic.

Green – Some of the traits associated with green eyes are youth, innocence, good health, life force, freshness, and vegetation. Green has been linked to the ability to heal. It is believed that green eyed people are quite spiritual in nature but it does not necessarily mean they are very religious. Green eyed people are said to be vibrant, compassionate people with very creative tendencies.

Blue – Blue eyes are linked to the energies of the sun and sky. The color represents direct conscious thoughts. It has long been believed that the color blue is linked to the gift of clairvoyance. It is said those with blue eyes have the ability to see into the future and past, and to receive visions. People with blue eyes are thought to be assertive and direct. They have a very keen sense of observation and perception, and are full of life.

Gray – Gray eyes are connected to the weather, change, water, mystery, and wisdom. Those with gray eyes are said to show a deep inner strength that cannot be bent or broken by the outside world. They are also said to be deep thinkers and very sensitive in nature. They also have an ability to shape their surroundings to fit their needs.

Black – Black eyes are known to be linked to mystery, the darkness of the night, secrets, worship, and are bewitching and sexual. Not many people have black eyes, even though it has been said to be a common color. A black eyed individual is thought to be a sensual creature and quite secretive. They tend to keep their personal life and their secrets to themselves, rather than share them with others. By drawing upon their inner energy, they are said to have the ability to develop psychic skills. When they feel there is something that needs to be done, they will not rest until it is complete. They are said to be optimistic and know just how to prove their worth to those around them.

Canker sore on tonsil

Before we actually get into what actually makes canker sores appear on your tonsils, we need to define what canker sores are. Canker sores are little sores that are not contagious and are not caused by a bacterial infection. To put it another way, they are not caused by viruses or any kind of disease. When a person gets a canker sore on their tonsil, the resulting pain is among the worst kinds of pain that a person can endure. A great deal of pain and stinging is caused every time the individual swallows. You may be wondering what causes this condition since it is not related to any disease. Many times, canker sores are created as a result of allergic reactions to particular foods, medicines or even toothpaste. They can also sometimes be caused by eating a hard food that irritates the soft tissues of the mouth and tonsils. Once someone has a canker sore, it is hard to determine exactly what caused it. The reasons they appear differ from one person to the next.

How to Treat Canker Sores on the Tonsil

The first thing you must do when you see a doctor to treat the canker sores on your tonsil is to realize that there is no one medication that will cure the condition. Since the things that trigger canker sores differ from one person to the next, the method of treatment will vary as well. You can do the following things to help avoid or get rid of canker sores on your tonsils.

  • People who frequently get canker sores should maintain a food journal and write down all the food they eat. Pay attention to the foods you eat right before the canker sores appear. If you notice that canker sores always appear after you eat a certain food, you will need to start avoiding that food item.
  • Those who tend to get canker sores on their tonsils will need to make sure that they only use toothpaste that do not have sodium lauryl sulfate in them. This ingredient is used in some brands of toothpaste as a foaming agent. It has been proven to be a frequent cause of canker sores on the tonsils and in the mouth.
  • Some medications, such as gargling agents, can lessen the pain and other symptoms from canker sores. These products also clear the mouth and throat of germs, which aids the healing process.
  • What you eat is important when it comes to canker sores. Eating foods that have Lactobacillus acidophilus in them will lower the intensity of the burning pain caused by canker sores. It is also a good idea to stay away from spicy food, since it can make the pain worse.
  • Zinc lozenges are a simple and effective way to soothe canker sore pain and speed up the healing. Zinc possesses somewhat of an antibiotic effect that kills bacteria around the sore.
  • Some brands of mouthwash have antibacterial agents in them. Using them to gargle with regularly is a quick way to get rid of canker sores. A great home remedy for canker sores is to use salt water to gargle with.
  • There are some topical products such as glycerin or anesthetic ointments available that can soothe canker sores. You simply put them on the sore to reduce pain.

Excretory system facts

Before we review other interesting facts about the human excretory system, we will first turn our attention to the complexities of the urinary system. As mentioned previously, a large portion of our food and drink intake is filtered through the bloodstream and eliminated as liquid waste in our urine. If our bloodstream did not filter out such wastes, toxins would accumulate and we could become seriously ill. The renal arteries deliver blood to our kidneys which in turn serve as the main filters for our bloodstream, maintain the proper viscosity of our blood, and ensure a proper balance of nutrients. Each kidney contains millions of individual filters called nephrons which continuously filter and purify the blood. When the kidneys are functioning properly, they can process and filter up to 180 liters in a 24 hour period.

During this filtration process, the blood is absorbed and filtered by the nephrons which then send nutrients back into the blood stream via the renal veins while liquid wastes are secreted out. These waste products are deposited into the renal pelvis which delivers them to the ureters and, ultimately, the bladder where the urine is stored for later emptying.

Additional Facts Pertaining To The Human Excretory System

Armed with a basic understanding of how the urinary system works and knowledge of the major organs responsible for filtering processing and filtering our intake, let’s turn our attention to other interesting facts about our excretory system:

• In addition to filtering out wastes and by-products, the kidneys help maintain the proper balance of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients in our body.

• The digestive and excretory systems are joined in such a way that they work in collaboration. The digestive system absorbs nutrients and filters solid waste while the urinary system does the same for liquids, delivering the liquid waste efficiently to your kidneys and, finally, to the bladder.

• We produce and eliminate approximately 1 ½ quarts of urine per day. In addition to waste and toxins, the urine contains excess liquid and nutrients that our bodies did not need at the time.

•Your full bladder is approximately the same size as your brain.

• Your liver will produce over 406 pounds of bile during your lifetime.

• Your bladder will store and eventually eliminate over 7,850,000,000,000 gallons of urine during the course of a lifetime.

• We are born with two kidneys and the one on the right will always sit just a little lower than the one on the left.

• A full bladder can hold up to 400 ml of urine.Many people don’t realize that your skin is also an organ and a part of the excretory system since its sweat glands also help eliminate toxins.

• The urea in urine is a great source of nitrogen and some gardeners will dilute their urine with water so they can then fertilize their plants with it.

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